How to Write a Persuasive Essay?
Persuasive writing is an inseparable part of studies. It implies taking a position regarding some controversial subject and convincing the audience of the validity of such a choice. After looking through such an essay, readers must be ready to accept your point of view and perform an action, which you were encouraging them to take. To do it, you should be versed in the topic, conduct extensive research, find out the biases which a potential reader might have, and learn about the opposing viewpoints.
Then, you should clearly formulate your arguments, convey them to the audience in a pleasant form, and refute the claims of the opponents. In other words, you should act like a lawyer does in a court when defends own client.
Being capable of effective persuasive writing is a crucial ability not only to students but literary every individual in the world. Persuasive discourse is everywhere including speeches of political actors, advertising on TV and the Internet, newspapers, and even Facebook posts. Furthermore, the topics discussed in pervasive writing are extremely diverse and versatile. For instance, smoking in public places, vaccination, or even the rules regarding school uniforms might be addressed in such essays.
So, a skill to compose a convincing text is necessary not only to get high grades in school or college. It is also needed to be able to distinguish good arguments from bad ones when somebody tries to convince you of something as well as provide a rebuttal if necessary.
Tips to Write a Top-Notch Persuasive Essay
Many strategies might be used for writing a persuasive essay. However, relying on our extensive experience and expertise in the field of custom writing, the team of TopThesis.com created its own tactic that will definitely bring a satisfactory result. It comprises 5 easy steps, but each of them has its own peculiarities.
Step One: Prewriting. This stage of writing may also be referred to as information collecting. You should be familiar with the field, topic, and the audience to proceed to write. Therefore, at this point, it is necessary:
- Take a stance. Read the topic and decide which side of the argument complies with your outlook and be ready to defend it.
- Study the audience. You should know to who you are writing. Is a reader not familiar with a topic, and you just need to fill in the gap in his/her knowledge? Is a reader conversant with the topic and already has a point of view that you need to change? These cases require arguments of different complexity.
- Conduct research. Gather evidence that supports your position by reading the literature authored by scholars, teachers, and professionals. Do not avoid evidence that is against your view. It will be helpful when it comes to refuting the ideas of the opponents. Make sure to read more than one source to see a complete picture.
- Prioritize. Select evidence that is the strongest and the most convincing. Arrange your arguments and evidence from the least to the most persuasive.
Step Two: Outlining and Structuring. Now, it is necessary to plan the essay. You should create an outline and structure all the ideas properly. Usually, professors provide structure requirements that must be strictly followed. If there are no stringent rules, you may use our outline, which is accepted by the majority of schools. Our plan suggests that a persuasive essay should consist of 6 paragraphs, namely:
- An introduction, which contains a hook to catch a reader’s attention, general information about the topic, and a thesis statement with your position mentioned.
- Three-body paragraphs each of which presents one argument only. It should have evidence that supports position and examples, illustrate the validity of the argument.
- A paragraph with opposing views, i.e., the one where the key point of the opponent’s position is presented and refuted.
- A conclusion that restates the thesis statement and summarizes the main ideas expressed in the body of the paper.
Step Three: Drafting. With a well-thought-out outline, you are ready to create a draft of your persuasive essay. Here are a few tips that will be extremely helpful in this process:
- You should strike hard from the very beginning. Thus, start an introduction with a hook that will make a reader deeply interested in the topic. You may tell a captivating story, present an impressive fact, statistics, or an emotional quote, and ask a thought-provoking question.
- Writing should be unambiguous. Your position should be clear and firm.
- All body paragraphs should contain one claim that is supported and expounded on. The use of evidence, i.e., statistics, facts, an opinion of experts, and vivid examples, is a must.
- Make your argumentation and writing are diverse. Use different strategies to prove your point, for instance, make a comparison, identify cause-effect relationships, use a hypothetical situation, appeal to the emotions of a reader, etc.
- Do not leave out basic but vital information. Provide definitions and background data, which are important to the subject.
- Apart from summarizing, a conclusion should fulfill one more important function. It should spur a reader to take a certain action or accept your position. The last sentence of the paper might be a prediction, which urges the necessity for the action. Besides, you may end the essay with a question aimed at making the audience reconsider their own views.
Step Four: Revising. This is a stage of adjusting and improving your essay. At this point, you should refine the content and structure to the maximum extent. The following checklist will help you to decide whether you did everything you could to make your paper perfect:
- Does the introduction start with a powerful attention grabber, which will definitely make a reader want to continue until the end?
- Is your position regarding the topic articulated clearly? Does it leave no room for misinterpretations?
- Is each body paragraph devoted to one argument only?
- Is evidence presented in each paragraph?
- Are opposing views effectively refuted?
- Is the evidence used diverse?
- Does the conclusion call for action or encourage a change in a reader’s opinion?
- Are the arguments convincing?
Step Five: Editing. The final stroke in the process of writing a persuasive essay is to make it flawless. The text with spelling, grammar, or punctuation mistakes, as well as typos, will never be treated seriously. Therefore, make sure to edit and proofread the paper several times to ensure maximum clarity of ideas and effectiveness of writing.